According to the Australian Koala Foundation, there are only 80,000 koalas left on the continent. 4) When an infant koala – called a joey – is born, it immediately climbs up to its mother’s pouch. The Koala is, to all intents and purposes, already extinct. Often called the koala “bear,” this tree-climbing animal is a marsupial—a mammal with a pouch for the development of offspring. The marsupials may now be "functionally extinct." And they're found nowhere else in the world but Australia! A female koala, named Anwen by her rescuers, receives treatment at the Koala Hospital in Port Macquarie, Australia. The conservation status of koalas varies from region to region in Australia, but they are by no means becoming extinct. 3) Although you may have heard people call them koala ‘bears’, these awesome animals aren’t bears at all – they are in fact marsupials.A group of mammals, most marsupials have pouches where their newborns develop. blindness, and compromising the koala's fertility. The koala is one of the world’s most iconic animal species – right up there with the panda, tiger, elephant, dolphin, and polar bear.